how did the mycenaeans influence greek culture

The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan … Minoan art was remarkable because, for the most part, it did not seem to have religious or practical significance. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. Thanks to the work of Evans and others, we now know that the Minoans were the predecessors of the Mycenaeans, and we can date their civilization to approximately 1450 BCE. Burial mounds or tholos were generally not dedicated to an individual, but to groups, perhaps families or clans, but possibly a community. Now it is important to note that Minos is the son of Zeus begotten in Crete by Princess Europa. And maybe this was the biggest influence of the mycenean civilization to later greek culture. Maybe the long war with Troy took its toll on the civilization. Even so, it is thought that the government was run more as a huge corporation than as the hereditary possession of a few families. There are definite sources of influence on early Greek culture to be found in the history of the second millennium, for which we have significant archaeological evidence and even some written documents. Which was the most important lasting impact of Alexander’s conquests? The navy itself became the walls of the nation. However, they were powerful in their own right and masters of the sea. The Mycenaeans (Greek people) on islands and the mainland of Europe to the north had seen the grandeur of Crete. Moreover, it was a practice of the Egyptians to raise the son of the king of their vassals in Egypt, thus, molding its future leaders in the image of the Egyptians. By about 1580 BCE Minoan civilization began to spread across the Aegean. Yet the Mycenaeans went one step further, engaging frequently in piracy. As long as the Minoans produced their trade goods and maintained their ports and palaces they remained affluent. It seems to have been created simply for the sake of pleasure and adding beauty to a home or palace. When the Cretan places were destroyed around 1450 BCE, only the one at Knossos was rebuilt. The Dorians. One may ask the question: Why would Ethiopians travel thousands of miles to fight a war in Troy when they had no skin in the game? He was fascinated by clay tablets with deciphered script and he began to excavate Knossos located in central Crete. Greece was a child that had many midwives, born from a mother that resided in foreign lands. As in the case of the Canaanites (Phoenicians), it is hard to obtain an unbiased opinion of the Philistines by reading the Bible because of the disdain that the Hebrews had for them. The most active years of the Early Mycenaean Age are those from Egypt’s New Kingdom from the rise of Thutmose III to the end of Amenhotep III about 1380 BCE. The Mycenaeans lived on the island of Crete after they took it over from the Minoans, … Even so, the island is situated fairly close to Egypt, and their trading activities certainly would have exposed them to Egyptian culture. Their craftsmen became experts in jewelry and pottery. During this time, the Phoenicians represented Egyptian power in the Levant. The Mycenaean Civilization: Bronze Age Greece. However, it could have also been an internal collapse or an external military invasion. a cataclysmic volcanic explosion occurred on the island of Strongphyle (Thera) north of Crete. The most common theory for the rapid collapse is a cataclysmic event such as a volcanic eruption. The Minoans, who were known particularly for their extensive trade and dominance of the sea, existed from about 27th century B.C. The Archaic period, however, was an era of transformation; and the Greeks of that period looked back to the Mycenaean era (between 1600–1200 BCE) for their history and legends. The Minoans were a maritime nation traveling to Egypt, the Near East, the islands of the Aegean and Southern Greece. The Mycenaeans. This equality of females and males in society makes the Minoans unique among ancient civilizations. Depictions of women show them on a par with men rather than subservient, and to even have engaged in some of the more dangerous sports to which the Minoans seemed devoted. Because the language is so unfamiliar, Linear A has proved to be difficult to translate. Also recorded are noble warriors such as Memnon, the Ethiopian king, who was memorialized in art and poem. Geography & Early Culture. The objects found during excavations, such as seals, scarabs and rings show that the Cretans were in contact with Egypt. Palaces were filled with hundreds of rooms. This theme is consistent with the biblical narratives of Abraham and Joseph. The Mesara type of tholos is peculiar since it links to the Mycenaean tholos as they both contain a ‘dromos’. It stretched from Ethiopia to the Levant. The Greeks celebrated this age in the poems of Homer and in the oral tradition prevalent before the Greeks learned how to read and write from the Phoenicians. It is believed that the writing was read left to right across the page and referred to syllables, usually a consonant followed by a vowel. Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. The classical Greeks were known throughout the world, and today, just as much for their merchant and trade activities as they were for their martial abilities. Some scholars believe that Israel was able to establish a temporary state because of the chaos and the weakness of its surrounding neighbors. The Mycenaeans had a syllabic script we now call Linear B because there is evidence that it developed from Minoan writing. Minoan and Mycenaean cultures ultimately became part of the oral tradition of the pre-Archaic Greeks. In Meyer’s paradigm, the cultural diffusion from the Egyptians to the Minoans is more direct and pervasive. They were the Dorians, the Aeolians, the Achaeans and the Ionians. Also, part of Greek legend is the presence of Ethiopians at the battle of Troy and the reverence for Ethiopia during the Heroic period. Rome would later follow in the footsteps of the Greeks and bring civilization to the Western part of Europe. It is interesting to note that Diodorus Siculus distinguishes Minos I from Minos II. Furthermore, Diodorus Siculus claims that the Minotaur lived in the labyrinthos, a term which he also applies to an Egyptian tomb which he claims Daidalos saw in Egypt and imitated in Crete for Minos. Meyers, however, was the exact opposite, leading from the Egyptians directly to the Minoans (Keftiu). The debate over the origins of Greek civilization began in earnest with the release of two seminal works: Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop’s (pronounced Jope) The African Origins of Civilization, Myth or Reality (1974) and Dr. Martin Bernal’s Black Athena thesis composed in three volumes: The first was The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785–1985 published in 1987. The Greeks became known as Hellenes and Greece as Hellas. They imitated the Minoans, especially in their trading activities. Between 1900 BCE and 1500 BCE, Crete was the western-most segment of the European Bronze Age world and was connected to the entire eastern Mediterranean. During this decline, Israel produced three great kings, Saul, David and Solomon. Whatever the reason, the Mycenaean civilization collapsed around 1100 BC. Known as . dark ages. Although the legend of Troy had been around for millenniums, it was the excavation conducted by Heinrich Schliemann (1822–1890) that linked Mycenae to Troy. Perhaps there was increased fighting among the Mycenaean cities, or perhaps there was a foreign invasion from the north of Greece. Many historians interpret the phrase in the Bible: “Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph” (Exodus 1:8): as the end of the Hyksos domination and the rise of the New Kingdom under Ahmose I. Legends such as those mentioned by Homer and Hesiod and possibly of Theseus on the island of Crete. Took over after the . In Egyptian mythology, the holy bull, Apis, was linked with Osiris. The deep influence of the Minoans on the Mycenaean culture is now clear. The word Ethiopian is the combination of two Greek words burnt and skin and thus does not only refer to a specific nation but rather to an ethnic or racial group located in other lands. It was natural, like other subsequent island nations, that they should become heavily engaged in trade overseas. Furthermore, the noted archeologist, Eduard Meyer, while excavating tombs in Thebes (Waset) in Upper Egypt, came upon paintings amazingly like those in the palace of Knossos. Its name derives from Minos, either a dynastic title or the name of a particular ruler of Crete who has a place in Greek legend. They took over the government and imposed some of their own forms, which were far more militaristic than the old Minoans. They also worked in the crafts and as entrepreneurs. Like his predecessor Schliemann, Evans followed Homer and Theseus’ Cord back to the island of Crete. What do these myths tell us about the origins of their civilizations? Fought the Trojans at Troy in the . Mycenaean tholos tombs have been found on mainland Greece as well as on Crete. These people wiped out all the advances of the Minoans and ushered in a dark age which would last for half a millennium. After Homer, the activity of… Since the Egyptians have never been maritime people, they relied on vassals such as the Phoenicians to be the conduit of their goods to what they viewed as the frontier. Answers: 2 Get Other questions on the subject: Social Studies. Possession of writing was absolutely essential for enforcing contracts and keeping track of property. There has been a tendency to draw a distinct line between the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures, from which the Greek culture originated, and Ancient Egypt. On the island of Crete between 2000 and 1700 B.C. This cord could be traced, sometimes through the Phoenicians and other maritime nations, back to its source which was Ancient Egypt and Middle Eastern civilizations in existence thousands of years before the emergence of Greece. Influenced Greek . The second millennium BCE witnessed two extraordinary cultures that were the precursors of Greek civilization. In Greek myth, the primogenitor was Hellen the man who should not be confused with the female Helen of Troy (The Face That Launched a Thousand Ships) and she was the cause of the Trojan War. The Greek City-States (polis) would emerge from the groundwork laid during the Heroic Age and the influence of non-European nations on Greece. One significant difference between the Egyptian drama and Greek theater is that the Egyptians concentrated on the life of the god, and Greeks on the life of the hero. Once their neighbors came out of this decline, Israel went into decline and was eventually divided and conquered by outside nations. When studying the history of Greece, a clear migration pattern from the Minoans to the Mycenaeans to the Greeks is readily apparent. World History. It began as an imitation of Egyptian culture. However, it is known that the Mycenaeans conquered or displaced the Minoan empire by the 15th century B.C., borrowing or adapting much of Minoan culture as its own. However, such accomplishments should not be viewed in isolation nor should we view the Greeks as a race of geniuses without any reference to those antecedent civilizations that laid the foundation for Greece. Yet their influence was remembered in the Homeric poems that have lasted for ages. These were Greeks from the mainland that occupied Crete for three generations and during that time absorbed, as the Romans would do later: the knowledge of a greater civilization now in decline. This spurred a growing and relatively affluent population. Life on Crete Furthermore, the Middle Kingdom was the nexus between the Old Kingdom (2666–2181) that erected the pyramids and the New Kingdom (1550–1069) which further expanded Egypt’s dominance in the region. The creation of colonies, because of the mountains, led to the spread of Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean Sea. The story of civilization is the story of humankind; Western Civilization, although sometimes used as a euphemism for European superiority, is just one piece of this evolving story. A. the spread of Greek ideas around the ancient world B. the creation of a new empire C. the division of the empire among his generals D. Macedonian to 14th century B.C. There are definite sources of influence on early Greek culture to be found in the history of the second millennium, for which we have significant archaeological evidence and even some written documents. This was a tradition that migrated to Greece in the form of religious festivals in honor of their heroes. There is much debate about the role of females in Minoan culture. The pyramids and sphinx of Egypt were over 1000 years old and Egypt was in its 18th dynasty. Nestor, Achilles, Ajax, Agamemnon, Ulusses, Jason, Hercules, Aineias and so many other heroes and kings belong to that period of greek pre-history that … An example from the Iliad states: “Only yesterday Zeus went off to the Ocean Riverto feast with the Aethiopians, loyal, lordly men, and all of the gods went with him.”. Mycenaean culture included elaborate burial practices, but only for the wealthy aristocracy. Minoan culture became a powerful force in the region. The collapse of Mycenae around 1200 was the end of the age of Greek legend. References to the people as a group have been found in Egyptian documents especially regarding trade, but nothing regarding specific leaders. Sea traders- passed on Minoan, egyptian, and Mesopotamian influences. The others are as follows: the Cypria, which focuses on the first nine years of the war; the Aethiopis, which focuses on Troy’s alliance with Ethiopia, the Little Iliad on the Trojan Horse, the Iliupersis, on the sack of Troy, the Nortoris, on the return of the Greek heroes and the Telegony a continuation of the Odyssey. Washington State University on Minoan History. Around 1200 BC, we have evidence that the Mycenaeans increased the size of the walls around their cities. They may have seen something of civilization before landing on Crete. Meyer contends that the name Minoan assigned to the denizens of Crete is a misnomer and the real name of those inhabitants is Keftiu. For example, the Trojan War is believed to have been fought toward the end of this period around 1200 BCE. 1100 BC moderate climate and the weakness of its surrounding neighbors Egypt where they traded goods like olive oil wine... The original inhabitants of Greece B. Minoan culture became a powerful force in form. 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