isaiah 6:10 commentary

", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Make the heart of this people fat "Gross" -, ὡστε το της παροιμιας ὁρωντας μη ὁρᾳν, και ακουοντας μη ακουειν. This word Sal. God told Moses before he went to Pharaoh with the Lord"s message that the Egyptian king would harden his heart ( Exodus 3:19). 6. Burder (Oriental Customs, i. That what we hear and see, we understand with the heart - that is, that there be yielded thereunto both assent of the mind and consent of the will, this is faith; (3.) Accordingly, both in Matthew 13:14-15 and Acts 28:25-27, we find the passage so quoted and interpreted as to bring out the guilt of the people themselves, and constrain us to throw all the blame on them. . Isaiah 27 Chapter 26 This chapter is a song of holy joy and praise, in which the great things God had engaged, in the foregoing chapter, to do for his people against his enemies and their enemies are celebrated: it is prepared to be sung when that prophecy should be accomplished; for we must be forward to meet God with our thanksgivings when he is coming towards us with his mercies. this chapter immediately follows and precedes examples of wrong reaction to God"s word [, "The elect are not saved because they are creatures of light; they too were creatures of darkness and in them there was no goodness, nothing that would attract the light. In Acts 3:19, Peter uses "repent" and "convert" together.Both entail a recognition of self and sin and beating a hasty path to righteousness. Compare John 11:45-46; John 12:10-11. The whole blame of the evil is laid on the people for rejecting the amazing kindness of God; and hence is obtained a more complete solution of that difficulty to which we formerly adverted. The whole blame lies on themselves in altogether refusing it admission; and we need not wonder if that which ought to have led them to salvation become the cause of their destruction. And convert, and be healed - of their spiritual malady, sin (Isaiah 1:6; Psalms 103:3; Jeremiah 17:14). Therefore, says he, they could not believe, because Isaiah said, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart. This making of their hearts fat, is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit. ben Melec explains to this sense, in which it is hardly used elsewhere, on the authority of Onkelos. (1) That the effect of truth is often to irritate people and make them more wicked. CHAPTER 11 . (2) The truth must, nevertheless, be proclaimed. And convert.] The truth must always be heard from our lips, even though there be no ears to receive it, and though the world have neither sight nor feeling; for it is enough for us that we labor faithfully for the glory of God, and that our services are acceptable to him; and the sound of our voice is not ineffectual, when it renders the world without excuse. Isaiah may or may not have realized that his words had prophetic significance, in addition to being applicable to his own situation. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. The heaviness or torpidity is vigilant “lest” conversion should follow the prophet’s gospel. and make their ears heavy: that they cannot hear the word, so as to understand it; they having stopped the ear, and plucked away the shoulder, it is in righteous judgment that they are given up to such an insensibility as not to be capable of hearing and understanding what is delivered in the ministry of the word: and shut their eyes; they having wilfully shut their own eyes against all evidence of the Messiah, and the truth of his doctrines, they are given up to a judicial blindness; which still continues upon them, and will until the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in: lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understated with their heart; though only in a notional way, the things relating to the Messiah, the truths of the Gospel, and the ordinances thereof, and what may belong to their outward peace: and convert; or turn themselves by external repentance and reformation: and be healed: or forgiven in such sense as to be preserved from national ruin; which God willed not; for seeing they went such great lengths in sin, in rejecting the Messiah, and his Gospel, they were given up to a reprobate mind, to do things that were not convenient, that they might be destroyed; which destruction is after prophesied of. Mark 4:12. We wonder how it is possible that the greater part of men can furiously oppose God; and hence also arises a doubt if it be the heavenly truth of God which is rejected without bringing punishment; for it can hardly be believed that God addresses men for the purpose of exciting their scorn. This is an accidental effect of the word preached, and proceedeth from men’s corruptions. Gesenius takes the imperatives as futures. --- Hebrew may be, "surely they will not see," &c. (Calmet). Isaiah 6:10 STU XRF TSK ... Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (10) Make the heart of this people fat.--The thought is the same as that of the "hardening" of Pharaoh's heart (Exodus 8:19; Exodus 9:34, &c) and that of Sihon (Deuteronomy 2:30). The prophets are said to do what they denounce. Now, Christ is not separate from his Spirit, and therefore Paul had good reason for applying this passage to the Holy Spirit; for although God exhibited to the Prophet the lively image of himself in Christ, still it is certain that whatever he communicated was wholly breathed into him by the power of the Holy Spirit. There is a saying precisely like this in Aeschylus: -, "Seeing, they saw in vain; and hearing, they did not understand.". At first sight it seems unreasonable that the Prophets should be represented as making men’s hearts more hardened. He speaks of Judeans as rebellious children (1:2) and “people loaded with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children who deal corruptly! be healed — of their spiritual malady, sin (Isaiah 1:6; Psalm 103:3; Jeremiah 17:14). (Calmet) --- He intimates that all the graces offered would be rendered useless by the hardened Jews. (Matthew 3:2.) So likewise Matthew 13:14; John 12:40; Acts 28:27. I., sub fin. Again, it is called perfect wisdom, (Psalms 19:9;) how then does it stupify men and take away their reason? And consequently the Lord now proceeded to shut the door of repentance against His people. Fat, i.e. And the word טח tach is used in the same sense, Isaiah 44:18. “For when we in our viciousness grow hard, Oh, misery on’t, the wise gods seal our eyes.”. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Isaiah chapters 1 to 6. Observ. Then said I, Here am I; send me. Written down seven times (Matthew 13:14. The Coming King and His Kingdom. We ought, indeed, to be deeply grieved when success does not attend our exertions; and we ought to pray to God to give efficacy to his word. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 6:1-13 EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 1-5. For just as in all the good that men do, the active principle is the love of God; so in all the harm that they do, the active principle is the wrath of God. He declares that the people, bereft of reason and understanding, will perish, and there will be no means of obtaining relief; and yet he at the same time affirms that the labors of the Prophet, though they bring death and ruin on the Jews, will be to him an acceptable sacrifice. General Introduction To The Book. 3 And they were calling to one another: Many hear the sound of God's word, but do not feel the power of it. Those only can with comfort stay upon God, who return to him in truth, not in pretence and profession only. (St. Isidore. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 25:1-10a EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 24-27. This is our healing. 8 Then he cried, “A lion, my Lord! THE CONTEXT. (a). The time of these opening verses is future, though exactly when is not specified. Yet if you inquire into the first cause, we must come to the predestination of God. [Acts 7:51] Antagoras, reciting his "Thebais," a book that he had made, among the Boeotians, and they little regarding him, he folded up his book, and said, Ye may well be called Boeotians, quia boum habetis aures, for ye have oxes’ ears - playing upon the notation of their name. It is undoubtedly a harsh saying, that God sends a prophet to close the ears, stop up the eyes, and harden the heart of the people; because it appears as if these things were inconsistent with the nature of God, and therefore contradicted his word. Isaiah Begins to *Prophesy. Yet the Prophet shows, a little before, that the blame of this blindness lies with the people; for when he bids them hear, he bears witness that the doctrine is fitted for instructing the people, if they choose to submit to it; that light is given to guide them, if they will but open their eyes. Isaiah 6 – Isaiah’s Conviction, Cleansing and Call A. It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Old Testament (I. Christ as Fulfilment of). 6. "He said, Go, and tell this people, Hear on, and understand not; and look on, but perceive not. Here Isaiah is directed to cause results which will doubtless take place, but are not necessary effects of his action. In simple terms, convert also means "to change," as in ice to water or dollars to pesos. Then, offering reconciliation he holds out remedies for all diseases, not only of the body but of the soul. Hereupon his master taketh it from him, bloweth it out, and sendeth him darkling to bed, in the way whereto he breaketh his arms or his face by some fall: will any man blame the master, since the candle was his, and allowed for use? Isaiah 11:6. Isaiah’s Commission. The traditional Jewish and Christian view is that the Book of Isaiah was written by the prophet of that name who lived during the 8 th and possibly 7 th century BC. Ver. Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. It denotes here the state of mind which is more and more indisposed to attend to the truth. {see Isaiah 7:6} Refuse the waters of Shiloah. ] I.A.1.A. Accordingly, the demonstrative particle הנה, (hinneh,) behold, is emphatic, and implies that the people whom the Lord had peculiarly chosen for himself do not hear the word, and shut their eyes amidst the clearest light. And shut "Close up" - השע hasha . Go back … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 11:1-10" His prophecy is not responsible for results produced by the hardness of the people to whom it is delivered. It implies the reckless headstrong will which defies restraint and warnings. “For when we in our viciousness grow hard, Oh, misery on’t, the wise gods seal our eyes.”. But our earlier doctrinarians have suggested the true solution, when they affirm that God does not harden men positive aut effective, since His true will and direct work are man's salvation, but occasionaliter et eventualiter, since the offers and displays of salvation which man receives necessarily serve to fill up the measure of his sins, and judicialiter so far as it is the judicial will of God, that what was originally ordained for men's salvation should result after all in judgment, in the case of any man upon whom grace has ceased to work, because all its ways and means have been completely exhausted. It denotes here the state of mind which is more and more indisposed to attend to the truth. So far from being persuaded when one rose from the dead (Luke 16:31) "the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death." He says it means closing up the eyes, so that one cannot see; that the root is שוע shava, by which word the Targum has rendered the word טח tach, Leviticus 14:42, בית את וטח vetach eth beith, "and shall plaster the house." Fat - Gross, heavy, dull, stupid. A Vision. Bible commentary on the Book of Isaiah, chapter 6, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Sin is often represented as a painful, loathsome malady, and forgiveness as restoration from such a malady; Isaiah 30:26; Psalm 103; Psalm 41:3-4; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Jeremiah 3:22; Jeremiah 17:14. Lest depends upon heavy. In Matthew 13:15 the words are quoted in the indicative, is waxed gross, (so the Septuagint), not the imperative, make fat: God's word as to the future is as certain as if it were already fulfilled. His freedom was not complete; human freedom never is. Lest — That they may not be able, as before they were not willing to see. [Note: Grogan, p57.]. So the poets of Greece, in their thoughts as to the Divine government of the world, recognised the truth that there is a judicial blindness and, as it were, insanity of will that comes as the consequence of sinful deeds ( Æsch. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. (G. Cron, M. Is not this the fast that I have chosen?] And this order ought to be carefully observed, from which it is evident what object the Lord has in view in inviting us to himself, and what is the design of the heavenly doctrine, namely, that we may be converted. And shut their eyes - The word used here means “to spread over,” and then to close. In the first member of the sentence the order is, the heart, ears, eyes, in the latter the reverse order, the eyes, ears, heart. Fat things are less sensible, and fat hearted people are noted by Aristotle for dull and stupid. daub their eyes, as the word is used also Isaiah 44:18. The Assyrian Era (With Other Prophecies), Isaiah 1-39 I.A. Shut their eyes, Heb. “Make the heart of this people fat,” etc. We ought also to observe from the order and connection of the words, that the first step of healing is repentance. It is not only the loving will of God which is good, but also the wrathful will into which His loving will changes, when determinately and obstinately resisted. There is a self-hardening in evil, which renders a man thoroughly incorrigible, and which, regarded as the fruit of his moral behaviour, is no less a judicial punishment inflicted by God, than self-induced guilt on the part of man. There is not a greater mischief can befall a man on this side hell than to be given up to a dead and dedolent disposition, such as was that of those [Ephesians 4:18] of the Jews in Christ’s time, and ever since, and of many Papists, who continue blind in the midst of so much light, and will not renounce those errors whereof they are clearly convinced. Which at times they would not, now they shall not; but having made a match with mischief, they shall henceforth have enough of it; they "love to have it so"; [Jeremiah 5:31] they "forsake their own mercies"; [Jonah 2:8] they are miserable by their own election. In the NT repentance means a "change of mind." Lest they should see with their eyes, &c.] Or, That they may not see with their eyes, or hear, &c., but be as so many sots and stocks or statues, that have eyes and see not, &c., to their utter ruin and destruction. John Trapp Complete Commentary. This detail is not incidental. With their heart "With their hearts" - ובלבבו ubilebabo, fifteen MSS. I. (3) By Paul, as coming from the Holy Ghost when, after a whole day"s conference, they "believed not" (Acts 28:25-27). “Make the heart of this people fat,” etc. And this seems best to agree with the following words. Isaiah: New *Heavens and a New Earth. Jeremiah 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2; Zechariah 7:11; Acts 7:57; 2 Timothy 4:4 "They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and (as the judicial and righteous retribution) shall be turned unto fables." 10.Harden the heart of this people. Paul, too, shows from this passage, on more than one occasion, (Acts 28:27; Romans 11:8,) that the whole blame of blindness rests with themselves. 370-386). And make their ears heavy.] Our loving commitment to remain faithful to the Lord who has graciously saved us and called us into His service, despite our lack of outward success, should be. For (1.) (1-2) What Isaiah saw. Theologically, it means changing from sinner to saint, filthy to holy, worldly to godly. Make their ears heavy; make them dull of hearing, as Isaiah 59:1 Zechariah 7:11, as sometimes the ears are made by an excessive noise. 98) mentions a son of the Great Mogul who was thus punished by his father. Demosthenes uses it, and expressly calls it a proverb: ὡστε το της παροιμιας ὁρωντας μη ὁρᾳν, και ακουοντας μη ακουειν ; Conttra Aristogit. Isaiah 6:10 (King James Version) A.F.V A.S.V. It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. For the ethical fact, as well as for the phrase, we may (with Cheyne) compare Shakespeare—. But their calumnies will not hinder his justice from being displayed, or hinder him from vindicating itself, and at the same time vindicating us. 7 And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. THE CONTEXT. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … stupid and senseless; for the fat which is in the body is without sense; and fatness in the heart makes it dull and heavy. They shall be healed. The effect of Isaiah"s preaching would not be that the people would repent, but that they would harden their hearts against his messages (cf. This effect is the fruit, not of the truth in itself, hut of the corrupt state of their hearts, to which God here judicially gives them over (Isaiah 63:17). But they are doubly wicked when they not only do not apply to their proper use, but wickedly corrupt and profane, those gifts which God had bestowed on them. They have despised the Holy One of Israel. This ought to be carefully observed; for nothing is more customary with men than to abuse the gifts of God, and then not only to maintain that they are innocent, but even to be proud of appearing in borrowed feathers. (St. Thomas Aquinas, [Summa Theologiae] 1. q. xxiv. . They have forsaken Yahweh. (John 12:39 (97)). 6 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. In chapters 1-5, Isaiah uses harsh words to speak of Judah’s wickedness. N.A.S.B. this chapter immediately follows and precedes examples of wrong reaction to God"s word [ Isaiah 5:24; Isaiah 7:10-12]." And such being the eminent advantage derived from the word of God, if we are not reconciled to God as soon as his word sounds in our ears, we have no right to lay the blame on any other, for it rests wholly with ourselves. Possibly the phrase refers to the barbarous practice, not unknown in the East, of thus closing the eyes as a punishment. Ver. John 12:40. A.). The ten revolted tribes, not worth the naming. 2:278. to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? True, this prediction was not the cause of their unbelief, but the Lord foretold it, because he foresaw that they would be such as they are here described.

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